I'm new at configuring Linux so please have some patience with me. I'm trying to set up a dual head display with one desktop stretched out on both screens. I have an ATI X800 and due to recommendations from this guide https://help.ubuntu.com/community/RadeonDriver I'm trying to achieve this with the open source ati driver and xrandr.
It's actually sort of working, I do have the desktop stretched out over both screens and I can drag windows from one screen to another. The thing is that on the right side of the right screen these is a wide stripe, that doesn't show the desktop backgroud, but rather some kind of "shadows" of the windows being dragged over it. Can anyone please help me a bit?
Here is my xorg.conf
Code:Section "InputDevice" Identifier "Generic Keyboard" Driver "kbd" Option "XkbRules" "xorg" Option "XkbModel" "pc105" Option "XkbLayout" "de" EndSection Section "InputDevice" Identifier "Configured Mouse" Driver "mouse" Option "CorePointer" EndSection Section "Device" Identifier "Configured Video Device" Driver "ati" EndSection Section "Monitor" Identifier "Configured Monitor" HorizSync 39.0 - 69.0 VertRefresh 59.0 - 61.0 Option "DPMS" EndSection Section "Screen" Identifier "Default Screen" Monitor "Configured Monitor" Device "Configured Video Device" DefaultDepth 24 SubSection "Display" Depth 24 Modes "1280x1024" Virtual 2560 1024 EndSubSection EndSection Section "DRI" Mode 0666 EndSection Section "ServerLayout" Option "AIGLX" "true" Identifier "Default Layout" Screen "Default Screen" EndSection
The output of xrandr -q:
Code:Screen 0: minimum 320 x 200, current 2560 x 1024, maximum 2560 x 1024 VGA-0 connected 1280x1024+1280+0 (normal left inverted right x axis y axis) 0mm x 0mm 1600x1024 60.0 1280x1024 59.9* 60.0 1440x900 60.2 1280x960 60.0 1280x800 60.0 1280x768 60.0 1024x768 60.0 S-video disconnected (normal left inverted right x axis y axis) DVI-0 connected 1280x1024+0+0 (normal left inverted right x axis y axis) 376mm x 301mm 1280x1024 60.0*+ 75.0 59.9 1152x864 75.0 1024x768 74.9 75.1 60.0 832x624 74.6 800x600 75.0 74.9 60.3 640x480 75.0 74.8 60.0 720x400 70.1
And what I did to switch the dual screen desktop on was:
Code:xrandr --output DVI-0 --left-of VGA-0
Are you using compiz at the time? That card has a maximum 3D texture size of 2048, which means that any texture larger than 2048x2048 (such as your wallpaper image at 2560x1024) will not display properly paste the 2048th pixel.
You could try disabling gnome/xfce/kde from drawing the wallpaper and simply let compiz draw it's own. Then you wouldn't see this problem.
I can't reproduce the same error anymore and I'm getting inconsistent results with every reboot. Sometimes both screens are showing either only the left half or only the right half of the desktop, depending if I use the --right-of or the --left-of option. Sometimes one of the screens shows both halves of the desktop squeezed down to a width of 1280 pixels. Sometimes my mouse doesn't get recognized. All this with the same configuration.
Then I used Gnome's System -> Preferences -> Screen Resolution and unchecked the "Clone Screens" options there and aligned the two screens next to each other. Right now the whole thing works without the graphical error I described in my OP, the desktop background tiles nicely. But now I can't enable the Visual Effects in System -> Preferences -> Appearance.
I feel so lost in this. I don't know if I'm using compiz, how can I find it out? And well, here is my xorg log marcell.missura.de/Xorg.0.log
If you start compiz before you extend your screen to the second monitor, you should not get any error messages when trying to start it. If you extend your screen first, and then try to start compiz, you will get an error.
If you want to see if you are currently using compiz, you can bring up a terminal and run 'ps ax | grep compiz'. That will show you the compiz process, if it's running.
Here's my "radeon" open source driver dual monitor config, static with xorg.conf:
# Xorg configuration created by pyxf86config
Identifier "Default Layout"
Screen 0 "Screen0" 0 0
InputDevice "Keyboard0" "CoreKeyboard"
# keyboard added by rhpxl
Option "XkbModel" "pc105"
Option "XkbLayout" "us"
Option "PreferredMode" "1280x1024"
# Option "Left-Of" "VGA-0"
Option "PreferredMode" "1280x1024"
Option "RightOf" "DVI-0"
Option "RROutputOrder" "DVI-0"
Virtual 2560 1024
Viewport 0 0
Thanks a lot for the help so far. The dual head setup is working now, but I still have the problem that compiz won't start:
adamk already pointed out:Code:marcell@miles:~$ compiz Checking for Xgl: not present. Detected PCI ID for VGA: 01:00.0 0300: 1002:4a49 (prog-if 00 [VGA controller]) Checking for texture_from_pixmap: not present. Trying again with indirect rendering: Checking for texture_from_pixmap: present. Checking for non power of two support: present. Checking for Composite extension: present. Comparing resolution (2560x1024) to maximum 3D texture size (2048): Failed. aborting and using fallback: /usr/bin/metacity
The real approach is: buy a new card
As a workaround, you could run two monitors in a virtual vertical setup, with one above or below the other. If they are both 1280x1024, that would give you a total of 1280x2048, which is within the limits of the video card.
Another option is to simply bypass that check by running this command: 'mkdir -p ~/.config/compiz; echo SKIP_CHECKS=yes >> ~/.config/compiz/compiz-manager'
However, your wallpaper beyond the 2048th pixel will be corrupted, and any windows past that point will leave a neat looking trail, just as you described in your first post. Disabling gnome from drawing it's own desktop, and using compiz to draw the wallpaper, will improve things a little. You can do that via gconf-editor --> apps/nautilus/preferences, disable "show_desktop".
Why is xrandr the only approach? In this guide https://help.ubuntu.com/community/RadeonDriver there are two alternative approaches explained, MergedFB and Xinerama. It must be possible to circumvent the hardware limit somehow, since the dual screen works perfectly on Win XP.