Trying to break the language barrier here.
Do you come back to a user login screen (Welcome to Gnome / Ubuntu / Linux)?
or do you get to a login screen in Arcanum? (I have not played the game, so I am not much help there)
Maybe stating the obvious, but, could you post your video hardware specs? Usually (and I'm speaking about ATi/nVidia proprietary drivers here) this is usually due to an incompatible version of the GL library being installed. You mentioned you are on a 64-bit system, however, do you also have the 32-bit Mesa packages installed? Without these Wine cannor run. Recently Wine tied the 2D graphics draw to OpenGL, hence it requires fully operational OpenGL rendering in 32-bit mode for 64-bit Operating Systems. This seems to be a case of no 32-bit OpenGL (Mesa) libGL bein present in your system.
Also, you mention Ubuntu, which IIRC does things a bit differently in its 64-bit version, using /usr/lib32 for the 32-bit library files instead of /usr/lib, considered to be the standard for 32-bit libraries and binaries, and /usr/lib64 for 64-bit libraries and binaries. This makes things a bit harder, as most programs would expect to link to files found in /usr/lib for 32-bit binaries instead of /usr/lib32 (unless some ld.so.conf magic is played)...
In short my advise would be to check if you have indeed the libGL.so files in either /usr/lib/libGL.so, /usr/lib32/libGL.so, /usr/lib64/libGL.so, etc... And maybe to see if there is a 'wine' file in /etc/ld.so.conf.d/ (if you have an /etc/ld.so.conf.d directory, otherwise, check the contents of the /etc/ld.so.conf file)