EXT4 "Fast Commits" Coming For Big Performance Boost In Ordered Mode
Written by Michael Larabel in Linux Storage on 9 October 2020 at 02:51 PM EDT. 37 Comments
LINUX STORAGE --
After being in development for more than one year, it looks like with Linux 5.10 there will be EXT4 fast commit support.

Hitting the EXT4 dev branch today was the work by Ted Ts'o on implementing fast commits for the file-system. As that dev branch is ultimately from where he sends in the new EXT4 file-system feature code, it looks like this big ticket feature will land with the upcoming Linux 5.10 cycle.

EXT4 fast commits are based on this 2017 research paper for helping to reduce commit latency when operating in the file-system's ordered mode. This fast commit functionality is only for when EXT4 is operating in its ordered mode (data=ordered) and has the file-system just store the minimal delta for recreating the affected metadata in a fast commit space shared with JBD2. If EXT4 can't perform a fast commit, it falls back to a full commit or when needing to flush the fast commit space to start over.

Ted explains in further detail with the patch series, "Because JBD2 operates at block granularity, for every file system metadata update it commits all the changed blocks are written to the journal at commit time. This is inefficient because updates to some blocks that JBD2 commits are derivable from some other blocks. For example, if a new extent is added to an inode, then corresponding updates to the inode table, the block bitmap, the group descriptor and the superblock can be derived based on just the extent information and the corresponding inode information. So, if we take this relationship between blocks into account and replay the journalled blocks smartly, we could increase performance of file system commits significantly."

The code queued in EXT4 "dev" has the necessary JBD2 changes as well as the EXT4 file-system support.

When running in EXT4 ordered mode with the fast commit patches, Ted reported a ~103% write performance improvement. Thus seeing this new code make it into the EXT4 "dev" branch ahead of mainline integration is quite exciting if you rely on EXT4 ordered journal functionality.
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